Colour in Context
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Categorical focal colours are structurally invariant under illuminant changes

Perception, European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP´11), Volume 40, page 196 - 2011
IF: 1.313. area: PSYCHOLOGY. Quartile: 3.
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The visual system perceives the colour of surfaces approximately constant under changes of illumination. In this work, we investigate how stable is the perception of categorical “focal” colours and their interrelations with varying illuminants and simple chromatic backgrounds. It has been proposed that best examples of colour categories across languages cluster in small regions of the colour space and are restricted to a set of 11 basic terms (Kay and Regier, 2003 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 100 9085–9089). Following this, we developed a psychophysical paradigm that exploits the ability of subjects to reliably reproduce the most representative examples of each category, adjusting multiple test patches embedded in a coloured Mondrian. The experiment was run on a CRT monitor (inside a dark room) under various simulated illuminants. We modelled the recorded data for each subject and adapted state as a 3D interconnected structure (graph) in Lab space. The graph nodes were the subject’s focal colours at each adaptation state. The model allowed us to get a better distance measure between focal structures under different illuminants. We found that perceptual focal structures tend to be preserved better than the structures of the physical “ideal” colours under illuminant changes.

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BibTex references

@InProceedings\{RPV2011,
  author       = "Jordi Roca-Vila and C. Alejandro Parraga and Maria Vanrell",
  title        = "Categorical focal colours are structurally invariant under illuminant changes",
  booktitle    = "Perception, European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP\´11)",
  volume       = "40",
  pages        = "196",
  year         = "2011",
  abstract     = "The visual system perceives the colour of surfaces approximately constant under changes of illumination. In this work, we investigate how stable is the perception of categorical \“focal\” colours and their interrelations with varying illuminants and simple chromatic backgrounds. It has been proposed that best examples of colour categories across languages cluster in small regions of the colour space and are restricted to a set of 11 basic terms (Kay and Regier, 2003 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 100 9085\–9089). Following this, we developed a psychophysical paradigm that exploits the ability of subjects to reliably reproduce the most representative examples of each category, adjusting multiple test patches embedded in a coloured Mondrian. The experiment was run on a CRT monitor (inside a dark room) under various simulated illuminants. We modelled the recorded data for each subject and adapted state as a 3D interconnected structure (graph) in Lab space. The graph nodes were the subject\’s focal colours at each adaptation state. The model allowed us to get a better distance measure between focal structures under different illuminants. We found that perceptual focal structures tend to be preserved better than the structures of the physical \“ideal\” colours under illuminant changes.",
  ifactor      = "1.313",
  quartile     = "3",
  area         = "PSYCHOLOGY",
  url          = "http://cat.uab.es/Public/Publications/2011/RPV2011"
}

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